Jul 052022



Dr.-Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, usually shortened to Porsche , is a German automobile manufacturer specializing in high-performance sports cars, SUVs and sedans, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The company is owned by Volkswagen AG, a controlling stake of which is owned by Porsche Automobile Holding SE. Porsche’s current lineup includes the 718 Boxster/Cayman, 911 (992), Panamera, Macan, Cayenne and Taycan.

Headquarters: Stuttgart, Germany
Founder: Ferdinand Porsche
Founded: 25 April 1931, Stuttgart, Germany
Parent organization: Volkswagen Group


Mercedes-Benz, commonly referred to as Mercedes, is a German luxury and commercial vehicle automotive brand established in 1926. Mercedes-Benz AG is headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Mercedes-Benz AG produces consumer luxury vehicles and commercial vehicles badged as Mercedes-Benz.

Founder: Karl Benz

Founded: 28 June 1926

Headquarters: Stuttgart, Germany

Parent organization: Mercedes-Benz Group

  • BMW


Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, commonly referred to as BMW, is a German multinational manufacturer of luxury vehicles and motorcycles headquartered in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. The corporation was founded in 1916 as a manufacturer of aircraft engines, which it produced from 1917 until 1918 and again from 1933 to 1945.

Founded: 7 March 1916, Munich, Germany

Owners: Susanne Klatten, Stefan Quandt

Founders: Karl Rapp, Gustav Otto, Camillo Castiglioni, Franz Josef Popp

  • AUDI

Audi AG, commonly referred to as Audi, is a German automotive manufacturer of luxury vehicles headquartered in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. As a subsidiary of its parent company, the Volkswagen Group, Audi produces vehicles in nine production facilities worldwide.
Headquarters: Ingolstadt, Germany
CEO: Markus Duesmann (1 Apr 2020–)
Founder: August Horch
Subsidiaries: Lamborghini, Bentley Motors Limited, Ducati, MORE
Parent organization: Volkswagen Group



Volkswagen is a German motor vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Founded in 1937 by the German Labour Front, known for their iconic Beetle, it is the flagship brand of the Volkswagen Group, the largest car maker by worldwide sales in 2016 and 2017.

Latest models: Volkswagen Tiguan, Volkswagen Virtus, Volkswagen Taigun
Headquarters: Wolfsburg, Germany
Founder: German Labour Front
Founded: 28 May 1937, Berlin, Germany
CEO: Herbert Diess (13 Apr 2018–)
Parent organization: Volkswagen Group

  • OPEL

Opel Automobile GmbH, usually shortened to Opel, is a German automobile manufacturer which has been a subsidiary of Stellantis since 16 January 2021. It was owned by the American automaker General Motors from 1929 until 2017 and the PSA Group, a predecessor of Stellantis, from 2017 until 2021.

Founder: Adam Opel

Founded: 21 January 1862, Rüsselsheim, Germany

Headquarters: Rüsselsheim, Germany

CEO: Uwe Hochgeschurtz (1 Sept 2021–)

Acquisition date: 1929

Parent organizations: Groupe PSA, Stellantis



Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero-engine manufacturing business established in 1904 in Manchester, United Kingdom by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.

Founded: 15 March 1906, Manchester, United Kingdom

Headquarters: Derby, United Kingdom

Founders: Henry Royce, Charles Rolls


Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs, and a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group since 1998 and consolidated under VW’s premium brand arm Audi since 2022. Headquartered in Crewe, England, the company was founded as Bentley Motors Limited by W. O.
Owner: Volkswagen Group
CEO: Adrian Hallmark (1 Feb 2018–)
Founded: 18 January 1919, Cricklewood, London, United Kingdom
Headquarters: Crewe, United Kingdom
Parent organizations: Audi, Volkswagen Group, Volkswagen Finance Luxemburg S.A.
Founders: W. O. Bentley, H. M. Bentley



Aston Martin Lagonda Global Holdings PLC is an English manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. Its predecessor was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford.

CEO: Tobias Moers

Founded: 15 January 1913, London, United Kingdom

Headquarters: Gaydon, United Kingdom

Revenue: 109.53 crores GBP (2021)

Parent organization: Aston Martin Lagonda Group Limited

Founders: Lionel Martin, Robert Bamford

  • Mc-LAREN


McLaren Automotive is a British luxury automotive manufacturer based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, England. The main products of the company are supercars, which are produced in-house in designated production facilities.

Latest models: McLaren 720S, McLaren GT

Founder: Ron Dennis

Founded: 2010, Woking, United Kingdom

Headquarters: Woking, United Kingdom

Divisions: McLaren GT; McLaren Special Operations

Parent organization: McLaren Group



Land Rover is a British brand of predominantly four-wheel drive, off-road capable vehicles, owned by multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, since 2008 a subsidiary of India’s Tata Motors. JLR currently builds Land Rovers in Brazil, China, India, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom.
Owner: Jaguar Land Rover
Founder: British Leyland
Headquarters: Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom
Founded: 1978
Parent organizations: Jaguar Land Rover, Tata Motors


Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England.
Owner: Jaguar Land Rover
CEO: Ralf Speth (18 Feb 2010–)
Founded: 4 September 1922, Blackpool, United Kingdom
Headquarters: Coventry, United Kingdom
Parent organizations: Tata Motors, British Motor Holdings
Founders: William Lyons, William Walmsley

  • MINI

Mini is a British automotive marque founded in 1969, owned by German automotive company BMW since 2000, and used by them for a range of small cars assembled in England and Holland.
Owner: BMW
Introduced: 1969 (used since 1959 in model names)
Related brands: John Cooper Works
Parent company: Bayerische Motoren Werke AG



Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a German then French manufacturer of high-performance automobiles. The company was founded in 1909 in the then-German city of Molsheim, Alsace, by the Italian-born industrial designer Ettore Bugatti. The cars were known for their design beauty and for their many race victories.
Founder: Ettore Bugatti
Founded: 1909, Molsheim, France
Headquarters: Molsheim, France


Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899. The company produces a range of cars and vans, and in the past has manufactured trucks, tractors, tanks, buses/coaches, aircraft and aircraft engines and autorail vehicles.
Headquarters: Boulogne-Billancourt, France
CEO: Luca de Meo (1 Jul 2020–)
Owners: Nissan, Public float
Founders: Louis Renault, Marcel Renault, Fernand Renault


Peugeot is a French brand of automobiles owned by Stellantis. The family business that preceded the current Peugeot companies was founded in 1810, with a steel foundry that soon started making hand tools and kitchen equipment, and then bicycles. On 20 November 1858, Émile Peugeot applied for the lion trademark.
Founder: Armand Peugeot
Founded: 1896, Sochaux, France
Headquarters: Paris, France
Parent organizations: Groupe PSA, Stellantis


Citroën is a French brand of automobiles owned by Stellantis. In 1934, the firm established its reputation for innovative technology with the Traction Avant.
Latest models: Citroen C5 Aircross
Founder: André Citroën
Founded: 4 June 1919
CEO: Vincent Cobée (15 Jan 2020–)
Headquarters: Poissy, France
Parent organizations: Groupe PSA, Stellantis



Koenigsegg Automotive AB is a Swedish manufacturer of high-performance sports cars, based in Ängelholm, Skåne County, Sweden.
Founder: Christian von Koenigsegg
Founded: 1994, Sweden
Headquarters: Ängelholm, Sweden


Volvo Cars is a Swedish multinational manufacturer of luxury vehicles headquartered in Torslanda, Gothenburg. The company manufactures SUVs, station wagons, and sedans. The company’s main marketing arguments are safety and its Swedish heritage and design.
Headquarters: Gothenburg, Sweden
Founded: 14 April 1927, Gothenburg, Sweden
Parent organizations: Geely, Volvo Car, Volvo Personvagnar Holding AB
Founders: Assar Gabrielsson, SKF, Gustaf Larson



Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 from the Alfa Romeo racing division as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940, and produced its first Ferrari-badged car in 1947. 

Founder: Enzo Ferrari

Founded: 1947, Maranello, Italy

Headquarters: Maranello, Italy

CEO: John Elkann (10 Dec 2020–)

Parent organization: Exor


Škoda Auto a.s., often shortened to Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer established in 1925 as the successor to Laurin & Klement and headquartered in Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic. Škoda Works became state owned in 1948.
Founded: 1925, Mlada Boleslav, Czechia
Headquarters: Mlada Boleslav, Czechia
Revenue: 1,655.9 crores EUR (2017)
Parent organizations: Volkswagen Group, Volkswagen Finance Luxemburg S.A

  • SEAT

SEAT S.A. is a Spanish car manufacturer, which sells its vehicles under the SEAT and Cupra brands. It was founded on 9 May 1950, by the Instituto Nacional de Industria, a Spanish state-owned industrial holding company. It quickly became the largest supplier of cars in Spain.
Headquarters: Municipality of Martorell, Spain
Founder: Instituto Nacional de Industria
Founded: 9 May 1950, Barcelona, Spain
President: Wayne Anthony Griffiths
Revenue: 878.4 crores EUR (2020)
Parent organizations: Volkswagen Group, Volkswagen Finance Luxemburg S.A..

  • LADA

Lada, marketed as LADA, is a brand of cars manufactured by AvtoVAZ, a Russian state-owned company. From January 2021 until May 2022, Lada was integrated with then sister brand Dacia into Renault’s Lada-Dacia business unit.
Introduced: 1973
Parent company: AvtoVAZ

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